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Are You at Risk?

Older adults: Prediabetes is more common among older adults.  Around 22 percent of 18-44 year olds have prediabetes, and this doubles for adults 45 and older.

Overweight or obese adults:  Three out of five adults in Minnesota were overweight or obese in 2011.  People who are overweight or obese are more likely to have prediabetes than people who are normal weight.

Adults who get little physical activity: In 2011, around 1 in 5 adult Minnesotans said they did not participate in any physical activity in the last month. Physical activity is associated with maintaining a healthy weight and lowering the risk of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes.

Who should get tested for prediabetes varies by age, weight, and other factors:

  • If you are 45 years old or older and overweight, it is recommended that you get tested.  However, even if you are not overweight, but are within this age range, you should still consider being tested.
  • If you are between the ages of 18 and 44 and have any one of the following risk factors, it is also recommended that you get tested:
    • Physical inactivity
    • Birth parent, brother, or sister with diabetes
    • Had gestational diabetes when pregnant
    • Delivered a baby that weighed 9 pounds or more
    • Family background that is African American, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic/Latino, or Pacific Islander
    • High blood pressure
    • Low HDL, or “good,” cholesterol
    • Polycystic Ovary syndrome (PCOS)
    • Dark patches in skinfolds - neck, armpits, or groin
    • History of cardiovascular disease

To help you or your friends and family members determine their prediabetes risk, complete the prediabetes and diabetes risk test.

A doctor can use any one of three blood sugar tests to determine if you have prediabetes (or diabetes).

  • A1C – measures your average blood glucose for the past 2 to 3 months. The advantages of being diagnosed this way are that you don’t have to fast or drink anything.

 

  • Fasting plasma glucose – checks your fasting blood glucose levels. Fasting means after not having anything to eat or drink (except water) for at least 8 hours before the test.  This test is usually done first thing in the morning, before breakfast.

 

  • Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) – a two-hour test that checks your blood glucose levels before and 2 hours after you drink a special sweet drink. It tells the doctor how your body processes glucose.

 

Taken from Minnesota Department of Health, Diabetes Unit - Center for Health Promotion and the American Diabetes Association

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